The questions about “What makes up human nature?” or “What kind of beings are we?” have been answered throughout history by different narratives, which determined, and still determine today, our individual and collective behaviour, from economic policy to how we educate our children. These narratives about our nature are reflections of different forms of life, their cultures and worldviews. In the particular case of modern society, the privileged place from which these questions are answered is modern science. Within this, disciplines from the social, human and biological sciences compete to place their narrative at the top of this place of epistemic privilege. In recent decades, a new actor has emerged in this dispute, the brain, and the discipline that studies it, neuroscience.